Jorge Gil Chang, director of the NGO Fundación para el Desarrollo Agrícola del Ecuador (FUNDEC) first reported on SICA (SRI) trials in Ecuador in 2008. Ten-day seedlings at 40x40 cm spacing yielded 8.8 t/ha, compared with 2.3 t/ha on the adjacent conventional plot. (Ecuador's national average yield is 3.8 t/ha.) The conventional methods included 5 plant per hill, and 25x30 cm spacing, so the plant population was 10 times greater than with SICA/SRI. Gil has also written a 68 page booklet (Cultivo de Arroz Sistema Intensificado SICA-SRI en Ecuador) that provides an overview of SRI globally and its potential in Ecuador. (See additional information on SRI in Ecuador in reports, presentations and videos sections). His findings were later reported at the First Workshop on the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Latin America at EARTH University in Costa Rica, October 31 - November 1, 2011.
Progress and Activities
- Babahoyo Technical University Announces Results of SRI Demonstration Plots
[August 1, 2013] On July 23, 2013, the results of SRI trials using intermittent irrigation on Gonzalo Jiménez's field were released in an event attended by Ing. Bolívar Lupera Icaza, Rector of the Technical University of Babahoyo (UTB); Anchundia Zoila Sanchez, UTB General Administrative Vice Chancellor; Mr. Victor Andrade Mendoza, Director of Technology Transfer for Water Management and Renewable Natural Resources (Cetta); Mr. Antonio Alcívar Torres, director of Research and Development Institute; Jorge Gil Chang, proponent of SRI in the Bañón area Los Rios Province; Marcos Perez, Coordinator of Research and Development Institute of UTB; farmers in the area, and about 50 students of the Faculty of Agricultural Engineering at UTB. Jorge Gil Chang noted some of the advantages of SRI/SICA, inlcuding reduced need for purchased inputs; improvements in plant hardiness, root development, and productivity; significant saving of seed and water (1/3 to 1/2 of the usual amount); decreased soil toxicity due to oxygenation of the soil; and decreased production of methane.
At the end of the event, the university committed to continue conducting activities such as SRI/SICA and to transfer the technologies to small farmers, thereby fulfilling the objectives of the National Plan for Good Living, Food Sovereignty, Water Resources Management in a sustainable manner, which is also in line with the mission and vision of the UTB. (For details, see Spanish language article.)
- Multimedia Document Ecuador's Experiences with SRI
Jorge Gil Chang provided a PowerPoint presentation of his 2008 SRI experiences in Ecuador for the First Workshop on the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Latin America and the Caribbean that was held at EARTH University, Costa Rica, on October 31 - November 1, 2011. During 2012, he provided a video of his 2008 experience with SRI in San Gabriel, Caule, Guayas. During August 2012, the Spanish language video (based on the 2008 experiences), Sistema Intensificado de Cultivo de Arroz SRI - SICA en Ecuador, was made available on SRI-Rice's YouTube channel.
- Spanish-Language Booklet on SRI Experiences with SRI/SICA in Published
An 80-page booklet on past experiences with SRI/SICA in Ecuador and future prospects for its development spread there has been by published by Jorge V. Gil Chang in collaboration wth Admicorporación, SA, Greenpeace and the Fundación para el Desarrollo Argícola en el Ecuador (FUNDEC). The Spanish-language publication, Sistema Intensificado de Cultivo de Arroz S.R.I./S.I.C.A., also summarizes information on SRI/SICA from around the world. For information on how to obtain copies, please contact the author or see the related 2008 online publication.
- Ecuador Joins the "SRI Club"
Jorge Gil Chang, director of the NGO Fundación para el Desarrollo Agrícola del Ecuador (FUNDEC), has reported on first-season trials in Ecuador, conducted in 2008 on a 1200 m2 plot, using 10-day seedlings and 40x40 cm spacing. The paddy yield with SICA/SRI methods was 8.8 t/ha, compared with 2.3 t/ha on the adjacent control plot with conventional methods (shown at right), and 3.8 t/ha as the national average yield in Ecuador. The conventional methods included 5 plant per hill, and 25x30 cm spacing, so the plant population was 10 times greater than with SICA/SRI.
A second crop evaluated the effects of 1 vs. 2 seedlings per hill using SICA methods. Sterile spikelets were, respectively, 3 and 5.5%, and grains per panicle were 140 vs. 127, respectively. In his SRI trials, Jorge and colleagues are using azolla and Effective Microorganisms (EM). (see Spanish language FUNDEC report for more information. the a video of the 2008 experiences).
- Booklet Provides Overview of SRI (SICA) in Ecuador and
Jorge Gil Chang has also written a 68 page Spanish-language booklet, Cultivo de Arroz Sistema Intensificado SICA-SRI en Ecuador, that provides an overview of SRI globally as well as current research and potential for further developing SRI in Ecuador.
- IID/UTB. 2013. Universidad Técnica de Babahoyo da a conocer resultados de implementación de una parcela demostrativa de arroz bajo el sistema SRI. Instituto de Invertigacion y Desarrolo (UTB) website. July 29.
- Mendoza Andrade, Víctor. 2012. ¿Qué es el SRI? El Telégrafo, June 16.
- Mendoza Andrade, Víctor. 2012. La tecnificación agrícola. El Telégrafo, January 30.
- Mendoza Andrade, Víctor. 2012. La dialéctica científica se enfrenta en el arroz. El Telégrafo, January 16.
- Mendoza Andrade, Víctor. 2012. El cultivo del arroz, buenas noticias. El Telégrafo, January 2.
- Gil Chang, Jorge V. 2008. Cultivo de Arroz Sistema Intensificado SICA-SRI en Ecuador. Experiencia Dedicada a los Pequeños Agricultores de Arroz. FUNDEC. Admicorporacion. System of Rice Intensification website. (68 p., 1.27 MB pdf) [published as an 80-page hard copy in 2009
- Gil Chang, Jorge V. 2008. Breve reseña del Sistema Intensificado del Cultivo de Arroz (SICA / SRI): Primera validación para pequeños productores en Ecuador. Fundación para el Desarrollo Agrícola del Ecuador (FUNDEC). System of Rice Intensification website. (2p. pdf)
- Gil Chang, Jorge V. 2011 (October).
SRI/SICA: Sistema intensificado de cultivo de arroz, experiencias y vivencias de
Ecuador. PowerPoint by Jorge Gil Chang, FUNDEC, Ecuador, presented at
the First Workshop on the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Latin America
at EARTH University in Costa Rica, Oct. 31-Nov. 1. 34 slides.
- Gil Chang, Jorge V. 2008 (May). Méthodo De Siembra Originado En Madagascar: Sistema Intensificado De Cultivo De Arroz - (SRI-SICA) En Ecuador. 18 slides (4.33 MB pdf). (Download presentation as pdf file of PowerPoint presentation).
- 2012 (August 14). Sistema Intensificado de Cultivo de Arroz SRI - SICA en Ecuador (Español). Part 1 (17:47 min) and Part 2 (17.47 min). Produced Jorge V. Gil Chang. sricornell channel, YouTube. [Sistema Intensificado de Cultivo de Arroz (SRI - SICA en Español) en Ecuador: Introducción y validación en Ecuador. Primera reunión, Asociación 25 de Abril.]