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SRI was introduced to Tanzania in 2009 by Kilombero Plantations Limited in an effort to increase the country's food security. As of 2013, SRI is being practiced in Mkindo and Dakawa in Morogoro region, and in the Mwanza and Kilimanjaro Regions (see progress section for details). A project to introduce climate smart agriculture in Kiroka village in Morogoro Region that was initiated by FAO and Sokoine University in 2011 has resulted in tripling some farmers' yields with SRI.

Rice is the second most cultivated food and commercial crop in Tanzania after maize, with a cultivated area of about 681,000 ha, which represents 18% of the cultivated land. Yields are generally very low (1-1.5 tons/ha.) as most is grown with traditional methods. In addition, 71% of the rice is grown under rainfed conditions. About half of the country’s rice is grown by 230,000 smallholder farmers in the Tabora, Shinyanga and Morogoro regions of the Central Corridor. With large amounts of suitable, unfarmed, arable land, a high rate of self-sufficiency and current low yields, the Government of Tanzania hopes to increase rice production and become a large net-exporter of rice for the region and for Africa. (See rice sector strategy). SRI is one of the strategies being investigated to improve small-holder rice production, both by the government and the private sector. The largest SRI effort in Tanzania to date is associated with the Kilombero Plantations Limited (KPL), which reportedly has 5,000 ha under rain-fed cultivation, 215 ha under irrigation, with the capacity to annually produce 33,000 tons of milled rice and 5,000 tons of rotation crops (beans and pulses.) KPL implemented SRI methods to lift smallholder yields from 3 tons/ha to over 5 tons/ha, and by 2014 tripled the average production of 6,500 farmer families living within 50 km of KPL. In 2015, this increased to 7,700 families.

Over 45 scholarly works, including 27 journal articles and 11 theses on SRI have been published on SRI in Tanzania between 2012 and 2022. (See research section below to access abstracts and papers). Many were done by researchers at Sokoine University and Mbeya University of Science and Technology and indicate positive SRI evaluations and potential in the Morogoro region. A Master's thesis was completed in 2012 by M. Kombe on SRI in the Mkindo Irrigation Scheme in Morogoro and a PhD dissertation in 2016 by Patrick Bell on the Lower Moshi Irrigation Scheme, and several after that. A recent video on FAO promotion of SRI in Morogoro includes the perspectives on SRI from SRI farmers and other stakeholders. Several sizeable government projects that have included SRI with good success and affiliated with the Global Agriculture & Food Security Program (GAFSP), World Bank and FAO are reviewed below. A 2022 study in Kilombero showed that irainfed SRI had high Agricultural Water Productivity due to high yields and low water use while providing improtant downstream ecosystem integrity.

Progress and Activities

2022 Updates
2015 Updates

Reports and Articles
(in chronological order)

Research and Journal Articles

(In order of acquisition)

Practical Information


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